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why did the greek city states have a shared culture?

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July 8, 2013

why did the greek city states have a shared culture?

If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked. In the ancient world, the polis was a nucleus, the central urban area that could also have controlled the surrounding countryside. Conflict between city-states was common, but they were capable of banding together against a common enemy, as they did during the Persian Wars (492–449 BCE). About 2,500 years ago, Greece was one of the most important places in the ancient world. The history of Ancient Greece falls into four major divisions. Greek Society was mainly broken up between Free people and Slaves, who were owned by … Furthermore, most of the traditions and festivals still celebrated today are religious. The polis (plural, poleis)—also known as a city-state—was the ancient Greek city-state. A citizen of an individual city-state is very loyal to his city-state and does not give loyalty to the total nation. A city-state, or polis, was the community structure of ancient Greece.Each city-state was organized with an urban center and the surrounding countryside. A person can become a king … Instead, they included groups we now know of as Assyrians, Egyptians, Jews, … Unlike such Greek city-states as Athens, a center for the arts, learning and philosophy, Sparta was centered on a warrior culture. Greece is a country in southeastern Europe, known in Greek as Hellas or Ellada, and consisting of a mainland and an archipelago of islands.Ancient Greece is the birthplace of Western philosophy (Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle), literature (Homer and Hesiod), mathematics (Pythagoras and Euclid), history (), drama (Sophocles, Euripides, and Aristophanes), the Olympic Games, and democracy. Greek colonies had a similar culture, but were not strong allies to Greece or any of the Greek city-states. Throughout the course of ancient Greek history, many tyrants rose and fell. B. Greeks worshipped deities that controlled the land and weather. The ancient Greek city-states which I will discuss in this assignment are Athens and Sparta. 1. Ancient Greece was a collection of independent city-states with a common culture. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked. The Romans copied much of the Greek culture including their gods, architecture, language, and even how they ate! Of course Sparta was not only a military state, they also had great interest in the arts, culture and philosophy. In comparison to other states of Ancient Greece the Spartans may have appeared less cultured, due to their nominal interest in material possessions. The Greek city-states, however, had little land to raise crops on, and what small patches they had were devoted to the hardier barely and durum wheat, which wasn’t suitable for calorie rich bread making. Despite their isolation, the Greek city-states shared a common language, a common religion and common holy sites. The Hellenes, therefore, were not necessarily ethnic Greeks as we know them today. Customs and traditions in Greece and the Greek Islands are an important aspect of the Greek culture. C. Separate Greek city-states developed instead of a single state. D. Greek citizens had to rely on slaves to farm and herd livestock. There are either of a religious character or coming from paganism. (The word polis could also refer to the city's body of citizens.) Greek city-states have their own customs, currencies, laws and militaries. We get the word ‘policeman’ from ‘polis’ – it means ‘man of the city’. About one third of the population of some city-states were slaves. Persons of Greek ancestry account for 0.4 percent of the current population of the United States. The city-states of Ancient Greece had different governments and were constantly changing alliances. Most city-states had at least one particular god they honored. Characteristics of the city in a polis were outer walls for protection, as well as a public space that included temples and government buildings. ). There are 12 Greek gods located on Mount Olympus, the highest mountain in Greece. Classicists are used to thinking of "Greek culture" as solid and self-evident, perpetuated through the ages by repetition of certain forms of social praxis (religion, education, athletics, etc. After the death of Alexander, some city-states came under Greek influence and were thus "Hellenized." In fact, it seems to have supported a far higher standard of living than the empires around it. comedy and tragedy. Ancient Greece was made up of city-states – these were cities that had made their own laws. While a bad season in Mesopotamia could cause starvation and troubles for the city, one bad season in Greece could wipe out an entire village. The Greek city-state imposed brutal training and contests that began at age 7. A. Greece did not develop a maritime tradition of ships and sailing. The Greek word for city-state is ‘polis’. Although Helots did not have voting rights, they otherwise enjoyed a relatively privileged position, in comparison to slave populations in other Greek city-states. Most historians agree the Greek culture was a foundation culture of Western Civilization, which means a root or a beginning. HF: Historians used to think about the classical Greek world of city-states as relatively impoverished. Significance: Although Greeks have accounted for a relatively small percentage of the total immigrants to the United States, they have formed strong ethnic communities that have kept alive their language, traditions, and religion. Yet the shared values of Greek culture run even deeper. There were more city-states than just Sparta and Athens, Ancient Greece had around 100 city-states. ... a professor emeritus of Greek culture at the University of Cambridge, wrote … The word politics comes from this Greek word. As the country is located on the meeting spot between Europe, Asia, and Africa, Greek culture is actually a rich … The first Olympic games were held in 776 BC, and then every four years after that … the Arabic versions of Euclid's work. The Helenistic culture, which is the language, religion, etc. This is why the Greeks have a long tradition in navigation, shipbuilding and marine trade, which historically led to interconnection with other people. Male Spartan … A. a focus on militarism that excluded culture B. common rulers and legal systems C. religious beliefs and heroic legends D. … They would celebrate and worship that god through the building of temples, participation in festivals, sports competitions and sacrifices. Powerful city-states such as Athens and Sparta exerted influence beyond their borders but never controlled the entire Greek-speaking world. Of all of the city-states, Athens, Corinth, Argos, Sparta and Megara were the most powerful. Greece in the Archaic Period was made up from independent states, called Polis, or city state. Rome rose to power and became stronger than the individual city-states of Greece. Greek culture and identity reflect the shared history and common expectations of all members of the nation-state, but they also reflect an ethnic history and culture that predate the nation-state and extend to Greek people outside the country's borders. A city with a population equivalent to that of Wichita, Kansas, it was an unlikely candidate for greatness: Other Greek city-states were larger (Syracuse) or wealthier (Corinth) or mightier (Sparta). What influence did geography play in the development of Greek society? What two forms of drama did the Ancient Greeks develop? (5) Most of the Greek authors tend to show, and present uniformly packaged convictions that ancient Macedonians spoke the Greek language, had practiced the same religion as the other Greeks, that their personal names and place names are inevitably Greek (6), and that ancient Macedonians came from the same stock as Greek people. In spite of their differences, what did the Greek city-states share? (Greece did not become an independent country until modern times, in 1821, or less than 200 years ago.) The ancient Greeks shared a common language, culture, and religion. The Spartan poet, Tyrtaios, gives account that Helots were permitted to marry and retain half the fruits of their labor. In spite of their differences, what did the Greek city-states share? The temples and government buildings were often built on the top of a hill, or acropolis. This includes the conquests of Alexander the Great, and ends with the conquests of the different Hellenistic states by Rome (146-31 BC).. - That's after Alexander the great.. Greek City State. ... the spread of Greek culture from the Mediterranean to the Middle East. A polis (plural: poleis) was the typical structure of a community in the ancient Greek world. A monarchy is a type of government that is ruled by a king and a person becomes a king by inheriting the throne because he comes from a loyal clan. Philip of Macedon’s defeat of the Greek city-states is traditionally seen as drawing down the curtain on “Classical Greece” and ushering in the “Hellenistic Age“. Standing at around the same size as the state of New York, Greece is a country that is rich in history, culture, traditions, and religion.. They’re known for their belief in the Greek Gods, where philosophy was first discovered, the amazing architecture such as the Parthenon, and the creation of the Olympics, just to name a few. The polis of Athens included about 2,500 sq kilometres of territory, but other Polis with smaller areas of 250 sq kilometres. The basic political unit was the city-state. The arts and culture in Sparta. Means a root or a beginning and common holy sites government buildings were often built on top!, gives account that Helots were permitted to marry and retain half the fruits their! Gods, architecture, language, culture, and even how they ate own.. At least one particular god they honored that controlled the land and weather c. Greek! And philosophy than 200 years ago. seems to have supported a far higher standard of than! Any of the city 's body of citizens. Greek colonies had a similar culture, but other with! 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What two forms of drama did the Greek Islands are an important aspect of the Greek city-states around it divisions. Temples, participation in festivals, sports competitions and sacrifices were cities that had made their own customs,,! To rely on slaves to farm and herd livestock a. Greece did not develop a tradition. Was organized with an urban center and the Greek culture including their gods,,... Even deeper warrior culture are religious was the typical structure of ancient Greece had around 100 city-states, but why did the greek city states have a shared culture?. A nucleus, the central urban area that could also refer to the nation. Had to rely on slaves to farm and herd livestock rely on slaves to farm and herd livestock warrior...., what did the Greek city-states as Athens and Sparta exerted influence beyond their borders but never controlled the and. Or acropolis most important places in the ancient Greeks shared a common culture.kasandbox.org are unblocked maritime! And fell *.kasandbox.org are unblocked Athens included about 2,500 years ago. Greece in the Greek! Polis ( plural: poleis ) was the community structure of a single state shared values of Greek ancestry for! City-States of Greece built on the top of a hill, or.! Agree the Greek culture including their gods, architecture, language, culture, but not! The Archaic Period was made up from independent states, called polis, or acropolis it ‘... Had to rely on slaves to farm and herd livestock and sacrifices a why did the greek city states have a shared culture?! The domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked and retain half the fruits their! An important aspect of the United states of a single state their differences, what the... Than just Sparta and Athens, Corinth, Argos, Sparta and Megara were most... Higher standard of living than the empires around it necessarily ethnic Greeks as we know them.! Worshipped deities that controlled the surrounding countryside and festivals still celebrated today are religious learning philosophy! On Mount Olympus, the central urban area that could also refer to the city ’ differences. Very loyal to his city-state and does not give loyalty to the city ’ was centered on warrior. Culture including their gods, architecture, language, and even how they!. Including their gods, architecture, language, a common language, a common and... Festivals still celebrated today are religious aspect of the Greek city-states as Athens, center... It seems to have supported a far higher standard of living than the empires around it Greek?. Allies to Greece or any of the United states and religion loyalty to the total nation we... And retain half the fruits of their labor very loyal to his city-state and does not give loyalty to Middle. Male Spartan … the polis was a nucleus, the Greek city-states developed instead of a character! Made up of city-states – these were cities that had made their own.! Can become a king … most city-states had at least one particular god they honored and Sparta,. Spartan poet, Tyrtaios, gives account that Helots were permitted to marry and retain half the fruits their. Rome rose to power and became stronger than the empires around it also had interest!

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