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1944 wurde er von Churchill zum Generalfeldmarschall (Field Marshal) ernannt. Elizabeth "Betty" Carver-Montgomery, wife of the future Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery and sister of Major-General Sir Percy Hobart, passed away. Gott, the officer originally scheduled to take command, was killed during an attack by German fighters against the aircraft transporting him. In 1942, he was a member of the team that planned out the Dieppe Raid which suffered disastrous results. Place of birth The Royal Warwickshires were soon posted to France, with Montgomery's battalion joining the 10th Brigade in the retreat from Mons. Affiliation ˈæləmeɪn /; 17 November 1887 – 24 March 1976), nicknamed " Monty " and " The Spartan General ", was a senior British Army officer who served in the First World War, the Irish War of Independence and the Second World War. , After the capitulation of Poland, Montgomery and the Third Division took up a position south of Lille, tasked with prolonging the Maiginot Line behind the Belgian frontier. Upon his return to the United Kingdom, his rank was reverted to his regular rank of captain. "I was a dreadful little boy", he recalled, "I don't suppose anybody would put up with my sort of behaviour these days." He was promoted to the rank of major general and was given command of the 8th Infantry Division in Palestine. Dwight Eisenhower, The Crusade in Europe In early 1920, he attended courses at the Staff College at Camberley, England. He led the 2nd Corps but was forced to retreat to Dunkirk during Germany's Western Offensive and arrived back in England on 1st … In 1946, he was made 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein. Your IP address will be tracked even if you remain anonymous. Also among the first things he performed was the destruction of all plans for falling back in the case of a strong Axis offensive. ww2dbaseMontgomery passed away in 1976 at his home in Alton, Hampshire, England. Nevertheless, once Caen was captured, he was able to use it as a pivot point that eventually led to the major German defeat at the Falaise Pocket. In 1951, Montgomery once again became Eisenhower's deputy, this time at the North Atlantic Treaty Organization; his NATO tenure were generally well-regarded in terms of his achievements, but characteristic of his career, he continued to make political opponents. It received approval from the men who needed this type of service, but it also added distance between Montgomery and the other officers who found brothels immoral and unacceptable. Viscount Montgomery of Alamein KG, GCB, DSO, PC (* 17. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'ww2db_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_1',114,'0','0'])); ww2dbaseIn 1938, Montgomery organized an amphibious landing exercise that impressed the new commander-in-chief of Southern Command General Archibald Wavell. Note: We hope that visitor conversations at WW2DB will be constructive and thought-provoking. He made sure that he was visible to the front line soldiers, speaking to them as much as possible. Key Publishing.  Four days later, Montgomery received a directive from General Alexander, Middle East Commander-in-chief, to hold the El Alamein line, and delay offensive operations until completion of the buildup of manpower. "Those critics of Montgomery who assert that he sometimes failed to attain the maximum must at least admit that he never once sustained a major defeat", said Dwight Eisenhower. Montgomery was the nearest Allied officer to the northern units of the US 1st Army, so he absorbed the American units into his command. After the village was seized, a German sniper wounded Montgomery, and killed the soldier sent to aid him. In 1949, his mother passed away; he did not attend her funeral, claiming that his work schedule would not allow his attendance. Bernard Law Montgomery, 1. Despite the serious nature of his wounds, Montgomery survived and was sent home to England to recover. Bernard Montgomery’s most popular book is Memoirs of Field-Marshal Montgomery. To appease him, Churchill offered him the title of field marshal. He was nicknamed 'Monty'. Bernard Montgomery Upon his return to the United Kingdom in Jun 1940, he openly criticized the British Expeditionary Force leadership for the defeat, and was briefly relegated to divisional command, but was made a Companion of the Order of the Bath. While Bradley maintained communications with the southern group, he lost touch with the northern group. Bernard de Neufmarché (c. 1050 – c. 1125), also Bernard of Newmarket or Bernard of Newmarch was the first of the Norman conquerors of Wales. Records may include photos, original documents, family history, relatives, specific dates, locations and full names. Addressing the criticism that Montgomery lacked aggressiveness, Eisenhower responded that "caution and timidity are not synonymous, just as boldness and rashness are not!" Historical records and family trees related to Bernard Snook. David Bernard Montgomery, 2. , On 1 September 1944 Montgomery, to his intense frustration, lost formal command of SHAEF ground forces to General Eisenhower. fear." Chronological and Political Information After leaving St Paul's School, Montgomery easily gained a place at the Royal Military Academy at Sandhurst, quickly showing his leadership qualities,[N 1] graduating 36th out of 150 candidates. Bernard Law Montgomery (n. 17 noiembrie 1887, Lambeth, Regatul Unit – d. 24 martie 1976, Alton, Hampshire, Regatul Unit) a fost un feldmareșal britanic, unul dintre principalii comandanți militari britanici din timpul celui de-Al Doilea Război Mondial.. Tatăl mamei sale, Maud, a fost un personaj important al Bisericii anglicane, Frederic William Farrar. He went on to lead Allied troops in the invasion of Italy and later France. In 1889, Montgomery's father was made the Bishop of Tasmania, taking him away from home regularly as he traveled across the globe; meanwhile, his mother ignored her children much of the time. During a one-on-one planning session for Market Garden between Montgomery and Eisenhower, Montgomery lectured Eisenhower as if Eisenhower was a child. He advocated fighting the war against the Irish rebels ruthlessly. Between 1946 and 1948, he was Chief of the Imperial General Staff. 16 Jan 1947 : Bernard Montgomery was awarded the Order of Suvorov 1st Class of the Soviet Union and the Grand Cross of the Order of the Dutch Lion of the Netherlands. "You cannot talk to me like this. His wound was so severe that a grave was prepared for him. After the usual staff and command assignments, Montgomery was a major general in command of the 3d Division in 1939. Normandy 1944 - Allied landings and breakout. Summer 2014 Pages 98-99, Farrington, Karen. ISBN 0 241 10573 0 Page 227, Badsey, Stephen. Wikipedia. D-Day to Berlin - From the Normandy Landings to the fall of the Reich (70th Anniversary Special Edition). He dealt with his sorrow by occupying himself with work. This placed Montgomery one rank above Eisenhower, and resulted in the sudden creation by the, McGovern, Una - Editor. His 21st Army Group was ordered to swing north to take Hamburg, Germany and to seal the base of the Danish peninsula to block a potential Russian westward advance beyond Berlin. On one of the visits, he visited an armor unit, and spoke with the crew of a tank; one of the tankers gave him a black beret of the Royal Tank Regiment, which he wore for the remainder of the war, becoming part of his signature look. Arcturus Publishing Limited. However, he went on to make a full recovery. Thank you. Later that year, he was promoted to the rank of brigade major to command the 17th Infantry Brigade at County Cork, Ireland, United Kingdom. Bernard Montgomery Quotes Quotes by and about Bernard Montgomery (Continued from his main entry on the site.) After Eisenhower's departure from NATO, Montgomery continued to serve under successors Matthew Ridgway and Al Gruenther until he retired in 1958 at the age of 71. While serving in Germany with the Occupation forces after the war, he decided to seek assistance in furthering his career by attending the Staff College at Camberley. Elizabeth was the sister of a fellow officer Percy Hobart. British Field Marshall Bernard Law Montgomery (1887-1976) was among the most decorated military leaders of World War II. He was awarded the DSO after the first Battle of Ypres in 1914, in which he had been left for dead, and continued in active service on the Somme and at Passchendaele. He took command on 13 Aug, and immediately instituted a series of changes, including the creation of a mobile British armored corps and a set of new procedures for improved combined operations with the Royal Air Force. He became the commanding officer of the 9th Infantry Brigade in 1937 at the rank of brigadier. 1976 Viscount Montgomery of Alamein CMG, CBE (* 18. Biological Information Bernard Montgomery © Montgomery was the most well-known British general of World War Two, famous for his victory at the Battle of El Alamein in November 1942. ww2dbaseIn 1923, Montgomery was posted to the Territorial 49th Division. He completed his studies in 1908 and joined the 1st Battalion of the Royal Warwickshire Regiment, and with that unit he served in India until 1913. ww2dbaseDuring WW1, Montgomery was deployed to France with his comrades of the Royal Warwickshire Regiment. Plans were to be carefully prepared with the British public for gallantry in action War ended, original,! 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